Create Draggable Bottom Sheet Modal in HTML CSS & JavaScript

Create A Draggable Bottom Sheet Modal in HTML CSS and JavaScript

Have you ever used an app like Facebook or Instagram and see a modal that slides up from the bottom of the screen? These bottom-sheet modals are a great way to provide users with additional information or functionality without taking up too much screen space. As a beginner web developer, you might wonder how to create one of these modals yourself.

In this blog post, I’ll show you how to create a draggable bottom sheet modal using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript from scratch. This modal allows the user to view its contents, drag it up or down, and close it similarly to Facebook. It is responsive and also works on touch-enabled devices like phones.

By the end of this post, you’ll have a basic idea of how dragging bottom sheet modal popups works and how to use them on your own projects.

Video Tutorial of Bottom Sheet Modal in JavaScript

If you prefer visual learning, then the above video tutorial is a great resource for you. I highly recommend watching it for beginners because I go through each line of code in detail and provide explanatory comments to make the code easy to understand and follow.

However, if you prefer reading blog posts or want a quick summary of the steps involved in creating a bottom sheet modal, you can continue reading this post. By the end of this post, you will have a good understanding of how to create a draggable bottom sheet modal by yourself with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Steps To Create Bottom Sheet Modal in JavaScript

To create a draggable bottom sheet modal using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, follow the given steps line by line:

  1. Create a folder. You can name this folder whatever you want, and inside this folder, create the mentioned files.
  2. Create an index.html file. The file name must be index and its extension .html
  3. Create a style.css file. The file name must be style and its extension .css
  4. Create a script.js file. The file name must be script and its extension .js

To start, add the following HTML codes to your index.html file to create a basic layout for our modal. This code includes a “button” element and a “div” container that includes modal content. The button will use to show the modal on click.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<!-- Website - -->
<html lang="en" dir="ltr">
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Draggable Bottom Sheet Modal | CodingNepal</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <script src="script.js" defer></script>
    <button class="show-modal">Show Bottom Sheet</button>
    <div class="bottom-sheet">
      <div class="sheet-overlay"></div>
      <div class="content">
        <div class="header">
          <div class="drag-icon"><span></span></div>
        <div class="body">
          <h2>Bottom Sheet Modal</h2>
          <p>Create a bottom sheet modal that functions similarly to Facebook modal using HTML CSS and JavaScript. This modal allows user to view its contents, drag it up or down, and close it. It also works on touch-enabled devices. Lorem Ipsum are simply dummy text of there printing and typesetting industry. Lorem new Ipsum has been the industryss standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an off unknown printer tooks a galley of type and scrambled it to makes type spemen book It has survived not only five centuries.</p>
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Next, add the following CSS codes to your style.css file to style the bottom sheet modal and the button. You can customize this code to your liking by adjusting the color, font, size, and other CSS properties. Upon adding these styles, the modal will initially be hidden in the browser, while the button remains visible.

/* Import Google font - Poppins */
@import url(';500;600&display=swap');
* {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  font-family: "Poppins", sans-serif;
body {
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  min-height: 100vh;
  background: #E3F2FD;
.show-modal {
  outline: none;
  border: none;
  cursor: pointer;
  color: #fff;
  border-radius: 6px;
  font-size: 1.2rem;
  padding: 15px 22px;
  background: #4A98F7;
  transition: 0.3s ease;
  box-shadow: 0 10px 18px rgba(52,87,220,0.18);
.show-modal:hover {
  background: #2382f6;
.bottom-sheet {
  position: fixed;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  display: flex;
  opacity: 0;
  pointer-events: none;
  align-items: center;
  flex-direction: column;
  justify-content: flex-end;
  transition: 0.1s linear;
} {
  opacity: 1;
  pointer-events: auto;
.bottom-sheet .sheet-overlay {
  position: fixed;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  z-index: -1;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  opacity: 0.2;
  background: #000;
.bottom-sheet .content {
  width: 100%;
  position: relative;
  background: #fff;
  max-height: 100vh;
  height: 50vh;
  max-width: 1150px;
  padding: 25px 30px;
  transform: translateY(100%);
  border-radius: 12px 12px 0 0;
  box-shadow: 0 10px 20px rgba(0,0,0,0.03);
  transition: 0.3s ease;
} .content{
  transform: translateY(0%);
.bottom-sheet.dragging .content {
  transition: none;
.bottom-sheet.fullscreen .content {
  border-radius: 0;
  overflow-y: hidden;
.bottom-sheet .header {
  display: flex;
  justify-content: center;
.header .drag-icon {
  cursor: grab;
  user-select: none;
  padding: 15px;
  margin-top: -15px;
.header .drag-icon span {
  height: 4px;
  width: 40px;
  display: block;
  background: #C7D0E1;
  border-radius: 50px;
.bottom-sheet .body {
  height: 100%;
  overflow-y: auto;
  padding: 15px 0 40px;
  scrollbar-width: none;
.bottom-sheet .body::-webkit-scrollbar {
  width: 0;
.bottom-sheet .body h2 {
  font-size: 1.8rem;
.bottom-sheet .body p {
  margin-top: 20px;
  font-size: 1.05rem;

Finally, add the following JavaScript code to your script.js file to add the functionality of show/hide, and drag up and down to the modal. Upon adding these scripts, when you click on the button, the modal will slide up from the bottom.

// Select DOM elements
const showModalBtn = document.querySelector(".show-modal");
const bottomSheet = document.querySelector(".bottom-sheet");
const sheetOverlay = bottomSheet.querySelector(".sheet-overlay");
const sheetContent = bottomSheet.querySelector(".content");
const dragIcon = bottomSheet.querySelector(".drag-icon");

// Global variables for tracking drag events
let isDragging = false, startY, startHeight;

// Show the bottom sheet, hide body vertical scrollbar, and call updateSheetHeight
const showBottomSheet = () => {
    bottomSheet.classList.add("show"); = "hidden";

const updateSheetHeight = (height) => { = `${height}vh`; //updates the height of the sheet content
    // Toggles the fullscreen class to bottomSheet if the height is equal to 100
    bottomSheet.classList.toggle("fullscreen", height === 100);

// Hide the bottom sheet and show body vertical scrollbar
const hideBottomSheet = () => {
    bottomSheet.classList.remove("show"); = "auto";

// Sets initial drag position, sheetContent height and add dragging class to the bottom sheet
const dragStart = (e) => {
    isDragging = true;
    startY = e.pageY || e.touches?.[0].pageY;
    startHeight = parseInt(;

// Calculates the new height for the sheet content and call the updateSheetHeight function
const dragging = (e) => {
    if(!isDragging) return;
    const delta = startY - (e.pageY || e.touches?.[0].pageY);
    const newHeight = startHeight + delta / window.innerHeight * 100;

// Determines whether to hide, set to fullscreen, or set to default 
// height based on the current height of the sheet content
const dragStop = () => {
    isDragging = false;
    const sheetHeight = parseInt(;
    sheetHeight < 25 ? hideBottomSheet() : sheetHeight > 75 ? updateSheetHeight(100) : updateSheetHeight(50);

dragIcon.addEventListener("mousedown", dragStart);
document.addEventListener("mousemove", dragging);
document.addEventListener("mouseup", dragStop);

dragIcon.addEventListener("touchstart", dragStart);
document.addEventListener("touchmove", dragging);
document.addEventListener("touchend", dragStop);

sheetOverlay.addEventListener("click", hideBottomSheet);
showModalBtn.addEventListener("click", showBottomSheet);

In short, we started by setting up a basic button and modal container. Using CSS, we make them visually appealing while ensuring the modal remains hidden initially. Lastly, we implemented JavaScript functionality to allow for the show/hide feature of the modal and enabled the ability to drag it up or down as desired.

Conclusion and Final Words

In conclusion, by following the step-by-step instructions and the provided code snippets, you have learned how to create an interactive bottom sheet modal that slides from the bottom and enhances the user experience on your web projects.

If you want to further improve your web development skills, I encourage you to try creating other types of modals or other interactive web components. There are many resources available on this website that can help you learn more about web development.

As an example, you could try creating a draggable card slider in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, where you’ll learn to create your own infinite card slider with autoplay functionality that also works on your phone.

If you encounter any difficulties while creating your bottom sheet modal or your code is not working as expected, you can download the source code files for this bottom sheet for free by clicking the Download button. You can also view a live demo of it by clicking the View Live button.

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