Build An Image Editor in HTML CSS & JavaScript

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Build An Image Editor in HTML CSS & JavaScript

Hey friends, today in this blog, you’ll learn to create a new project named Build An Basic Image Editor in HTML CSS & JavaScript. Previously, I shared a blog on how to Build A Word Guessing Game in JavaScript that is similar to hangman.

In this project (Image Editor in JavaScript), as you’ve seen in the preview image, users can apply different filters to their image like grayscale, inversion, saturation, and adjust the image brightness. Additionally, users can also rotate or flip the images and save their edited images.

This project is made with vanilla JavaScript. If you’re excited to view a demo of this image editor or want to know what this editor looks like. You can watch the given YouTube video or click here to view a live demo of this basic image editor.


Video Tutorial of Basic Image Editor in JavaScript

 
In the above video, you’ve seen the demo of this Image Editor and how I built it with HTML CSS & Vanilla JavaScript. If you’re too beginner in JavaScript and didn’t build projects before, then this image editor code could be difficult to understand.

So, I want to suggest you build some JavaScript projects before continuing to create this image editor. But, if you’re familiar with JavaScript, the codes and logic of this project shouldn’t be difficult to understand for you.

Canvas part of the codes could be difficult to understand for you and canvas is used only to save the edited image. So, please watch the above video multiple times to understand the codes because I tried my best to explain the main JavaScript lines with written comments.

If you liked this image editor and want to get source codes and files, you can easily get them from the bottom of this page.


You might like this:

Basic Image Editor in JavaScript [Source Codes]

To build an Image Editor using HTML CSS & JavaScript, you need to create three files: HTML, CSS & JavaScript file. Once you create these files, just paste the given codes into your file. If you don’t know how to create these files, where to paste the codes, or don’t want to do these, you can simply download the source code files of this Image Editor by clicking on the given download button that is at the bottom of this page.

First, create an HTML file with the name index.html and paste the given codes into your HTML file. Remember, you’ve to create a file with a .html extension.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<!-- Coding By CodingNepal - youtube.com/codingnepal -->
<html lang="en" dir="ltr">
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Image Editor in JavaScript | CodingNepal</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://unpkg.com/[email protected]/css/boxicons.min.css">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/font-awesome/6.1.1/css/all.min.css"/>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div class="container disable">
        <h2>Easy Image Editor</h2>
        <div class="wrapper">
            <div class="editor-panel">
                <div class="filter">
                    <label class="title">Filters</label>
                    <div class="options">
                        <button id="brightness" class="active">Brightness</button>
                        <button id="saturation">Saturation</button>
                        <button id="inversion">Inversion</button>
                        <button id="grayscale">Grayscale</button>
                    </div>
                    <div class="slider">
                        <div class="filter-info">
                            <p class="name">Brighteness</p>
                            <p class="value">100%</p>
                        </div>
                        <input type="range" value="100" min="0" max="200">
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="rotate">
                    <label class="title">Rotate & Flip</label>
                    <div class="options">
                        <button id="left"><i class="fa-solid fa-rotate-left"></i></button>
                        <button id="right"><i class="fa-solid fa-rotate-right"></i></button>
                        <button id="horizontal"><i class='bx bx-reflect-vertical'></i></button>
                        <button id="vertical"><i class='bx bx-reflect-horizontal' ></i></button>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="preview-img">
                <img src="image-placeholder.svg" alt="preview-img">
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="controls">
            <button class="reset-filter">Reset Filters</button>
            <div class="row">
                <input type="file" class="file-input" accept="image/*" hidden>
                <button class="choose-img">Choose Image</button>
                <button class="save-img">Save Image</button>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

    <script src="script.js"></script>
    
  </body>
</html>

Second, create a CSS file with the name style.css and paste the given codes into your CSS file. Remember, you’ve to create a file with a .css extension.

/* Import Google font - Poppins */
@import url('https://fonts.googleapis.com/css2?family=Poppins:[email protected];500;600&display=swap');
*{
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  font-family: 'Poppins', sans-serif;
}
body{
  display: flex;
  padding: 10px;
  min-height: 100vh;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  background: #E3F2FD;
}
.container{
  width: 850px;
  padding: 30px 35px 35px;
  background: #fff;
  border-radius: 10px;
  box-shadow: 0 10px 20px rgba(0,0,0,0.1);
}
.container.disable .editor-panel,
.container.disable .controls .reset-filter,
.container.disable .controls .save-img{
  opacity: 0.5;
  pointer-events: none;
}
.container h2{
  margin-top: -8px;
  font-size: 22px;
  font-weight: 500;
}
.container .wrapper{
  display: flex;
  margin: 20px 0;
  min-height: 335px;
}
.wrapper .editor-panel{
  padding: 15px 20px;
  width: 280px;
  border-radius: 5px;
  border: 1px solid #ccc;
}
.editor-panel .title{
  display: block;
  font-size: 16px;
  margin-bottom: 12px;
}
.editor-panel .options, .controls{
  display: flex;
  flex-wrap: wrap;
  justify-content: space-between;
}
.editor-panel button{
  outline: none;
  height: 40px;
  font-size: 14px;
  color: #6C757D;
  background: #fff;
  border-radius: 3px;
  margin-bottom: 8px;
  border: 1px solid #aaa;
}
.editor-panel .filter button{
  width: calc(100% / 2 - 4px);
}
.editor-panel button:hover{
  background: #f5f5f5;
}
.filter button.active{
  color: #fff;
  border-color: #5372F0;
  background: #5372F0;
}
.filter .slider{
  margin-top: 12px;
}
.filter .slider .filter-info{
  display: flex;
  color: #464646;
  font-size: 14px;
  justify-content: space-between;
}
.filter .slider input{
  width: 100%;
  height: 5px;
  accent-color: #5372F0;
}
.editor-panel .rotate{
  margin-top: 17px;
}
.editor-panel .rotate button{
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  width: calc(100% / 4 - 3px);
}
.rotate .options button:nth-child(3),
.rotate .options button:nth-child(4){
  font-size: 18px;
}
.rotate .options button:active{
  color: #fff;
  background: #5372F0;
  border-color: #5372F0;
}
.wrapper .preview-img{
  flex-grow: 1;
  display: flex;
  overflow: hidden;
  margin-left: 20px;
  border-radius: 5px;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
}
.preview-img img{
  max-width: 490px;
  max-height: 335px;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  object-fit: contain;
}
.controls button{
  padding: 11px 20px;
  font-size: 14px;
  border-radius: 3px;
  outline: none;
  color: #fff;
  cursor: pointer;
  background: none;
  transition: all 0.3s ease;
  text-transform: uppercase;
}
.controls .reset-filter{
  color: #6C757D;
  border: 1px solid #6C757D;
}
.controls .reset-filter:hover{
  color: #fff;
  background: #6C757D;
}
.controls .choose-img{
  background: #6C757D;
  border: 1px solid #6C757D;
}
.controls .save-img{
  margin-left: 5px;
  background: #5372F0;
  border: 1px solid #5372F0;
}

@media screen and (max-width: 760px) {
  .container{
    padding: 25px;
  }
  .container .wrapper{
    flex-wrap: wrap-reverse;
  }
  .wrapper .editor-panel{
    width: 100%;
  }
  .wrapper .preview-img{
    width: 100%;
    margin: 0 0 15px;
  }
}

@media screen and (max-width: 500px) {
  .controls button{
    width: 100%;
    margin-bottom: 10px;
  }
  .controls .row{
    width: 100%;
  }
  .controls .row .save-img{
    margin-left: 0px;
  }
}

Last, create a JavaScript file with the name script.js and paste the given codes into your JavaScript file. Remember, you’ve to create a file with a .js extension.

const fileInput = document.querySelector(".file-input"),
filterOptions = document.querySelectorAll(".filter button"),
filterName = document.querySelector(".filter-info .name"),
filterValue = document.querySelector(".filter-info .value"),
filterSlider = document.querySelector(".slider input"),
rotateOptions = document.querySelectorAll(".rotate button"),
previewImg = document.querySelector(".preview-img img"),
resetFilterBtn = document.querySelector(".reset-filter"),
chooseImgBtn = document.querySelector(".choose-img"),
saveImgBtn = document.querySelector(".save-img");

let brightness = "100", saturation = "100", inversion = "0", grayscale = "0";
let rotate = 0, flipHorizontal = 1, flipVertical = 1;

const loadImage = () => {
    let file = fileInput.files[0];
    if(!file) return;
    previewImg.src = URL.createObjectURL(file);
    previewImg.addEventListener("load", () => {
        resetFilterBtn.click();
        document.querySelector(".container").classList.remove("disable");
    });
}

const applyFilter = () => {
    previewImg.style.transform = `rotate(${rotate}deg) scale(${flipHorizontal}, ${flipVertical})`;
    previewImg.style.filter = `brightness(${brightness}%) saturate(${saturation}%) invert(${inversion}%) grayscale(${grayscale}%)`;
}

filterOptions.forEach(option => {
    option.addEventListener("click", () => {
        document.querySelector(".active").classList.remove("active");
        option.classList.add("active");
        filterName.innerText = option.innerText;

        if(option.id === "brightness") {
            filterSlider.max = "200";
            filterSlider.value = brightness;
            filterValue.innerText = `${brightness}%`;
        } else if(option.id === "saturation") {
            filterSlider.max = "200";
            filterSlider.value = saturation;
            filterValue.innerText = `${saturation}%`
        } else if(option.id === "inversion") {
            filterSlider.max = "100";
            filterSlider.value = inversion;
            filterValue.innerText = `${inversion}%`;
        } else {
            filterSlider.max = "100";
            filterSlider.value = grayscale;
            filterValue.innerText = `${grayscale}%`;
        }
    });
});

const updateFilter = () => {
    filterValue.innerText = `${filterSlider.value}%`;
    const selectedFilter = document.querySelector(".filter .active");

    if(selectedFilter.id === "brightness") {
        brightness = filterSlider.value;
    } else if(selectedFilter.id === "saturation") {
        saturation = filterSlider.value;
    } else if(selectedFilter.id === "inversion") {
        inversion = filterSlider.value;
    } else {
        grayscale = filterSlider.value;
    }
    applyFilter();
}

rotateOptions.forEach(option => {
    option.addEventListener("click", () => {
        if(option.id === "left") {
            rotate -= 90;
        } else if(option.id === "right") {
            rotate += 90;
        } else if(option.id === "horizontal") {
            flipHorizontal = flipHorizontal === 1 ? -1 : 1;
        } else {
            flipVertical = flipVertical === 1 ? -1 : 1;
        }
        applyFilter();
    });
});

const resetFilter = () => {
    brightness = "100"; saturation = "100"; inversion = "0"; grayscale = "0";
    rotate = 0; flipHorizontal = 1; flipVertical = 1;
    filterOptions[0].click();
    applyFilter();
}

const saveImage = () => {
    const canvas = document.createElement("canvas");
    const ctx = canvas.getContext("2d");
    canvas.width = previewImg.naturalWidth;
    canvas.height = previewImg.naturalHeight;
    
    ctx.filter = `brightness(${brightness}%) saturate(${saturation}%) invert(${inversion}%) grayscale(${grayscale}%)`;
    ctx.translate(canvas.width / 2, canvas.height / 2);
    if(rotate !== 0) {
        ctx.rotate(rotate * Math.PI / 180);
    }
    ctx.scale(flipHorizontal, flipVertical);
    ctx.drawImage(previewImg, -canvas.width / 2, -canvas.height / 2, canvas.width, canvas.height);
    
    const link = document.createElement("a");
    link.download = "image.jpg";
    link.href = canvas.toDataURL();
    link.click();
}

filterSlider.addEventListener("input", updateFilter);
resetFilterBtn.addEventListener("click", resetFilter);
saveImgBtn.addEventListener("click", saveImage);
fileInput.addEventListener("change", loadImage);
chooseImgBtn.addEventListener("click", () => fileInput.click());

That’s all, now you’ve successfully built a Basic Image Editor in HTML CSS & JavaScript. If your code doesn’t work or you’ve faced any problems, please download the source code files from the given download button. It is free and a zip file will be downloaded that contains project folder with source code files.

 

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